Category: Oil Production Facility

Production Facility Instrument Equipment

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The main items of process equipment have automatic instrumentation that controls the pressure and/or liquid level and sometimes temperature within the equipment. Figure 1-25 shows a typical pressure controller and control valve. In the black box (the controller) is a device that sends a signal to the actuator, which opens/closes the control valve to control …

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Production Facility Part 2

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The oil and emulsion from the separators must be treated to remove water. Most oil contracts specify a maximum percent of basic sediment and water (BS and W) that can be in the crude. This will typically vary from 0.5% to 3% depending on location. Some refineries have a limit on salt content in the …

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Production Facility Part 1

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The job of a production facility is to separate the well stream into three components, typically called “phases” (oil, gas, and water), and process these phases into some marketable product(s) or dispose of them in an environmentally acceptable manner. In mechanical devices called “separators” gas is flashed from the liquids and “free water” is separated …

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