Sieve Trays

Sieve trays are the least expensive tray option. In sieve trays, vapor flowing up through the tower contacts the liquid by passing through small perforations in the tray floor (Figure 6-7b). Sieve trays rely on vapor velocity to exclude liquid from falling through the perforations in the tray floor. If the vapor velocity is much lower than design, liquid will begin to flow through the perforations rather than into the downcomer. This condition is known as weeping. Where weeping is severe, the equilibrium efficiency will be very low. For this reason, sieve trays have a very small turndown ratio.

Vapor flow through trays,

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