Alkylation Process by DuPont

To combine propylene, butylenes and amylenes with isobutane in the presence of strong sulfuric acid to produce high-octane branched chain hydrocarbons using the STRATCO Effluent Refrigeration Alkylation process.

Plants are designed to process a mixture of propylene, butylenes and amylenes. Olefins and isobutane-rich streams along with a recycle stream of H2SO4 are charged to the STRATCO Contactor reactor (1). The liquid contents of the Contactor reactor are circulated at high velocities and an extremely large amount of interfacial area is exposed between the reacting hydrocarbons and the acid catalyst from the acid settler (2). The entire volume of the liquid in the Contactor reactor is maintained at a uniform temperature, less than 1°F between any two points within the reaction mass. Contactor reactor products pass through a flash drum (3) and deisobutanizer (4). The refrigeration section consists of a compressor (5) and depropanizer (6).

The overhead from the deisobutanizer (4) and effluent refrigerant recycle (6) constitutes the total isobutane recycle to the reaction zone. This total quantity of isobutane and all other hydrocarbons is maintained in the liquid phase throughout the Contactor reactor, thereby serving to promote the alkylation reaction. Onsite acid regeneration technology is also available.

Products: Branched chain hydrocarbons for use in high-octane motor fuel and aviation gasoline.

Product quality: The total debutanized alkylate has RON of 92 to 96 clear and MON of 90 to 94 clear. When processing straight butylenes, the debutanized total alkylate has RON as high as 98 clear. Endpoint of the total alkylate from straight butylene feeds is less than 390°F, and less than 420°F for mixed feeds containing amylenes in most cases.

Licensor: DuPont.

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